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Question Category: Math

This how-to guide introduces the endless customization options for fill-in-the-blanks in math questions. Written by Monica Burke
Updated over a week ago

When building Advanced Assessments, Cloze Math is the go-to question type for math questions. One of its benefits is that you can customize the fill-in-the-blanks beyond a simple placeholder. For example:

 Part of an equation: Filling in a fraction: Filling in an exponent: Follow the directions below to learn how to customize the Cloze Math question type to fit the needs of the expected answer.

# Build the Question

If you are creating a new item, select the + Create button on the assessment builder, title the item, and then select the Add New plus sign to add a question.

If you are adding to an existing item, simply select the Add New plus sign (as shown above) to add a question to the item.

Next, select the Math category from the options on the left. Then select Cloze Math.

## Step 1: Compose Question

• Compose question: Type the question prompt into this field.

• You have many formatting options from the Rich Text toolbar, including changing the font size, adding tables, using math symbols, adding multimedia, and more! Click here for more information on the different functions of the Rich Text toolbar.

This is where the special formatting comes into play. Let's look at how to build this example question to format the answer so that the student is filling in the specific part of a fraction:

➡️ Steps:

1 - Clear the placeholder text out of the Formula Template section so that it is empty.

2 - Expand the More Options menu

3 - Scroll down to the Formula Template of the Layout section.

4 - Begin building the equation using the Math Keypad. Wherever the student needs to put in an answer, use the response box (labeled below).

If you need other mathematical symbols that you don't see here (examples include cubed root, greater than/equal to...), you may need to open another keypad:

5 - Scroll back up to the Formula Template section just below Compose Question. Add a response box.

If you preview the question, you'll see that the content you put in the Layout section in Step 4 has now been added to the question. See below:

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# Set Correct Answers and Scoring

## Step 1: Point Value and Correct Answer

• Determine how many points the question will be worth.

• Indicate the correct answer in the Value section.

VERY IMPORTANT: Make sure you are including the ENTIRE answer in the value field, not just what the students need to type in. See below for an example. Even though the student will only type in 14 for the correct answer, the entire answer needs to be in the Value field in order for it to be scored correctly.

Is there more than one correct answer?

• Add alternate answers by selecting the blue + button shown here.

## Step 2: Scoring Method

If you are building this type of question (a specific fill-in-the-blank), equivLiteral will likely be your best option. EquivLiteral only accepts a response that is mathematically equivalent to the correct answer AND is given in the same form.

• If the correct answer is 8 + x, only 8 + x will be accepted (not x + 8, 8 + 1x, or any other variation)

If you want information on the other types of scoring, such as equivSymbolic or equivValue, check out this article.

➡️ Allow Decimal Marks

In any one of the above cases, if the answer allows for comma separators, please check the Allow Decimal Marks option!

💡 Tip from the Otus Team: wondering what the other scoring validations such as isSimplified are? Check out this Learnosity author guide.

# Student Preview

We highly recommended that you preview the question as you are building it in the item. This displays the question as the students will see it and also verifies that the answers and scoring work as expected.

# More Options

There are other layout, formatting, and scoring options available.

## ➡️ Other Scoring Options

• Unscored/Practice usage: removes all scoring from the item.

• Penalty points: use this option if you want students to lose points for giving incorrect answers.

• Minimum score if attempted: student will receive points as long as the question has been attempted. If the question is left blank or is unanswered, the student will not earn those points.

## ➡️ Layout Options

Here are the most commonly used layout options:

• Change the font size: In the Font size dropdown menu, you can change the font size of all components of the question to small, normal, large, extra large, or huge.

• Change the size of the response box(es): In the Width (px) and Height (px) fields, you can adjust the size of the response box. The default size is about 20px, so you can use that as your guide.

Do you have multiple response boxes you want to make different sizes? select the + Add button under Response Containers (individual); that will give you the option to make each response box a different size.

• The defaults for a math question will always be Basic and Keyboard.