Now that you've started to build an advanced assessment, you may want to add a Multiple Choice question.
➡️ Need help getting started with Advanced Assessment first? Click here
There are two types of Multiple Choice questions:
Basic: standard formatting; a question prompt with a list of answer choices. Basic multiple choice have four formatting options; standard, multiple response, true or false, and block layout. Click here for more information.
Choice Matrix (this article): matrix formatting; list of stems (rows) that have multiple answer options (columns). Choice matrix questions have three layout options; standard, inline, and labels.
In the Choice Matrix question, the student will pick from a number of options in a table for each stem.
💡 Tip from the Otus Team: There are many layout options to choose from. More information about these layouts can be found further in this article under the More Options section.
Build the Question
If you are creating a new item, select the + Create button on the assessment builder, title the item, then select the Add New plus sign to add a question.
If you are adding to an existing item, simply select the Add New plus sign (as shown above) to add a question to the item.
Next, select the Multiple Choice category from the options on the left, then choose one of the four basic multiple choice question options Choice matrix - standard, Choice matrix - inline, or Choice matrix - labels.
All three of the above options have the same creation process. The only difference is in the formatting that is set by default. This article will use the Choice Matrix - standard question as the example, but the other two are created with the exact same steps.
Question, Stems, and Options
Step 1: Compose question: Type the question stem in this field.
You have many formatting options from the Rich Text toolbar, including changing the font size, adding tables, using math symbols, adding multimedia, and more! Click here for more information on the different functions of the Rich Text toolbar.
Step 2: Stems and Options
The stems are what appear as the content the student needs to choose an answer for.
The options are the "answers" for the stems.
To add additional stems or options, select the blue + ADD button.
To delete a stem or option, select the trash can icon.
To reorder the stems or options, click and drag the reorder button to the left of the stem or option.
Set Answers and Scoring
Step 1: Set Correct Answers
Determine the number of points the question is worth.
Select the correct answer(s) in this section.
➡️ Multiple Responses
Selecting the multiple responses checkbox will allow more than one correct option for any given stem. Here is an example:
Step 2: Choose Scoring Type
The scoring type refers to how the question is to be graded as a whole. This is especially important if you have more than one response box in the question.
In the example above, the point(s) has been set to 1, and there are four responses required (Yes, No, No, and Yes). Let's use that example to describe the options for scoring types:
➡️ Exact Match: the entire question must be answered correctly to receive the point(s).
In this example, the student must answer Yes, No, No, Yes to get the point.
➡️ Partial Match per Response: each response is scored independently, and each is worth the number of points indicated in the point(s) field.
In this example, choosing this option will make this question worth 4 points; the student will earn 1 point each for answering Yes, No, No, and Yes.
➡️ Partial Match: similar to partial match per response, each response is scored independently, but the point value indicated in the point(s) field is evenly split among the responses.
In this example, since the point value is set to 1, and there are 4 responses, each response is worth 0.25 points (1 point divided by 4 answers); the student will earn 0.25 points each for answering Yes, No, No, and Yes.
It's highly recommended to Preview the question before adding it to the assessment. This displays the question as the students will see it and also verifies that the answers and scoring work as expected.
Step 1: Select the Preview button to go into Preview mode
Step 2: Answer the question with the correct answers, including alternates.
(Optional) Show Answers: Checking this box will display the correct answers.
Step 3: Verify that the auto-score correctly calculates the point value (in this example, 1/1)
➡️ Want to preview the entire assessment? Click here for details.
Other Scoring Options:
Unscored/Practice usage: removes all scoring from the item.
Check answer button & Check answer attempts: find more information here!
Penalty points: use this option if you want students to lose points for giving incorrect answers.
Scoring type: Leave as Exact Match. Basic multiple choice questions have no user for Partial Match or Partial Match per Response unless it is a "select all that apply" type of question. For more information, check out this article.
Minimum score if attempted: student will receive points as long as the question has been attempted (if the question is left blank or is unanswered, the student will not earn those points).
The style, stem numeration, column/row titles, column/row width, font size, and dividers can be adjusted.
If you choose Table, you can then choose the type of stem numeration.
➡️ Column and Row Titles
You can give either the stem columns or options rows titles by typing them here.
➡️ Stem and Option Width
You can change the size of the stem columns or option rows here.
➡️ Font Size and Dividers
In the Font size dropdown menu, you can change the font size of all components of the question to small, normal, large, extra large, or huge.
If you enable dividers, the lines between the cells will become more apparent.
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